How To Determine Your Foot Types
Each pair of feet varies in form, shape, and size. Sometimes, finding the right shoes can be tough work. Nowadays, a lot of people usually choose style over comfort, a common mistake, which can have negative impacts on the health conditions of the feet. A better understanding of your foot type will help you take proper care of them and prevent tons of major foot problems. So how to determine foot type? In this post, we will show you the guide to foot type classification.
First, we will introduce several methods that can help you determine your foot type:
#1. The first method is called “The Wet Foot Test.” This test is quite common and you might have probably already heard of it many times. It’s very simple; you just have to wet your feet and place it on a piece of cardboard to create the footprint. Then just analyze the results from there. Check out this video to fully understand:
#2. The second method is to check the heels of your shoes, especially if you’re a runner. Identify which part of the shoes is the most worn out. The most worn out part will determine which part of your feet endures the most pressure from your regular activities, such as walking, running… etc. From there, you can analyze the results.
#3. The third method is a little bit more complicated and requires the most work. In this method, you would have to video record your feet during a jogging session. The only possible way to do this is on a treadmill and you would also need to prepare a cam recorder to record your feet motions from behind. Even though this method can be very tedious, it is considered to be the most effective method to determine your level of pronation.
#4. Lastly, if you have already completed any of the methods above and have some understanding of your foot type, you can proceed with scheduling an appointment with a podiatrist or a shoe specialist; they will be able to provide you with a more thorough foot analysis with specific details about your foot type.
Tips for measuring your feet
Furthermore, if you are interested in measuring your own feet, remember these following tips:
- The best time to measure your feet is at the end of the day because your feet are usually larger after a full day of walking around.
- Always remember to wear your regular socks if the shoes you’re planning to buy require wearing socks.
- Measure your feet while sitting on a chair instead of standing (if you’re measuring on your own and vice versa if someone is measuring for you).
- Your feet are not symmetrical, so remember to measure both feet and buy shoes size based on the larger foot.
For more details as well as the foot size chart, check this link.
That’s all we have for methods, now let’s learn how to analyze the results that you got from the tests.
Understanding Your Foot Type
To fully know your foot type, you need to understand the following 5 elements:
The size of your foot does not only include the length but also the width. For more details, check out our latest post about foot and shoes sizes.
The arch is the middle section of your foot. The word Arch originated from Greek, which means, “curve structure,” so the reason why the middle section is called an “arch” is obviously because it also has a curve. The arch of the foot is classified into three types; identify which type you have:
- Low arch or flat feet
- Normal arch
- High arch
Pronation occurs at the subtalar joint below the ankle. It describes the natural motion of the foot, how it rolls inward to distribute the weight every time the foot lands on the surface when you walk or run. A person’s arch shape (how curvy it is) can affect the foot’s ability to roll and cause over pronation or under pronation; therefore, it’s important to choose the right shoes that fit your pronation pattern and support your feet.
There are three types of pronation:
- Over pronation which usually go along with a low arch (choose shoes that are well structured and offer maximum support).
- Neutral pronation, which usually go along with a normal arch (usually compatible with most shoes).
- Under pronation or supination usually go along with a high arch (only wear shoes with a lot of cushioning to prevent injuries).
Note that the word “usually” is being used because there can be unusual exceptions, sometimes people with over pronation could also have high arch.
4. Foot Shape
The foot shapes also vary; there is a total of four different shapes.
- Angled forefoot – the big toe is the longest and the other toes slant downward.
- Square forefoot – the first three toes are equal length and the other two are shorter.
- Rounded forefoot – the second toe is slightly longer than the big toe and the little is similar in length with the big toe, which makes a nice curve.
- Morton forefoot – the longest toe can be the second or the third and the rest of the other toes are shorter and narrow down.
5. Foot Health Problems
There are a lot of common foot problems, such as bad odor and pain that result from improper care and can lead to serious diseases/ disorders.
There are 250,000 sweat glands in your feet, which produce about a pint of perspiration a day; sometimes the material of the shoes can be a huge factor that contributes to bad feet odor.
The most common foot problems are Achilles Tendon, Bunions, Heel Pain and especially Plantar Fasciitis. These problems are usually extremely painful and can lead to or can be used as indicators of other serious diseases, which include diabetes, circulatory disorders, and arthritis.